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AVC open house

The Atlantic Veterinary College's 30th annual Open House will take place September 29 from 10 am–2 [ ... ]

Birding classic

Bennett Fall Birding Classic returns on September 29 Each autumn for the last 23 years, Island Natu [ ... ]

Winter shadows

The Cove Journal
by JoDee Samuelson

Artwork by JoDee SamuelsonThis early-winter light casts long beautiful shadows. In the middle of the day I stand on one side of the yard and my shadow reaches to the other side, making me tall and slim and elegant.

The world of horizontal light causes visual illusions for all creatures. At eight o’clock this morning as the sun was peeking over the big hill, a mourning dove flew into one of the east-facing windows with a terrific thud. I ran over to look, expecting to see a bird lying on the ground, but happily the dove flew off to a perch in the old apple tree. There it remains, trembling and troubled and reassessing its plans for the day. We must hang something up in the window so that in this particular light birds do not try to fly through our house.  A few years ago a partridge flew into that same window and fell to the ground, crumpled and still. Efforts to revive it failed for, alas, there is no cure for a broken neck. We carried its beautiful body to the woods and placed it gently on the snow where a fox or coyote might find it.

So we enter another year. The sun comes up, birds flock to the feeder and some fly into the window, the skies are threatening one day and clear baby blue the next. We bring in firewood and carry out ashes, take a walk along the tree line, admire apples clinging determinedly to frail-looking twigs; while in the house the cat sleeps by the stove and dust settles in the corners. Meals are dutifully prepared, dishes washed, fancy Christmas tea towels stowed away till next December…and in a few short hours the sun goes down.

We don’t need anything extraordinary to happen in the New Year. In fact we want things to continue in the same old way with the same things to eat, same cozy bed to sleep in, same smiling faces at the store. We may learn a few new tunes but will mostly play the old ones. Oh, we’ll take a few amazing trips, but will want to come home to our same old friends. Need some excitement? Don’t worry, we’ll have politics and weather, plus life and death (the usual suspects) to keep us on our toes. And we’ll have plenty of opportunities to practice being generous and open to change.

The mourning dove has left its perch in the apple tree. I hope it is all right. When it hit the window it was flying so hard that it left a print of its beak, body and outspread wings on the glass. A star now hangs in the window to reduce further casualties. Meanwhile my long shadow keeps me company throughout this brief day, reaffirming my presence on this lovely earth.

Here’s an Irish blessing for you: May you have warm words on a cold evening, a full moon on a dark night, and the road downhill all the way to your door.

Happy New Year!

Season's Greetings

The Cove Journal
by JoDee Samuelson

Artwork by JoDee SamuelsonIn a few days we will put up our Christmas tree, and lights and fragrance will once again fill our lives with joy. I remember as a child sitting by the Christmas tree staring in a trance at my reflection in the glass balls. What was I thinking about? I’d love to know. (That’s me in pajamas, above.) The tree was the heart of the event, and as we lived in the bald prairies I have no idea where the tree came from. All photos indicate a thin but hopeful spruce tree.

It certainly wasn’t a perfectly shaped balsam fir like the ones we get from our neighbors in the Cove. These are modern trees, efficient, with needles that dry out slowly and stay on the tree longer than the needles on a spruce tree. (Plus, if you’re lost in the woods, a mound of flat-needled fir boughs makes a comfy bed, whereas spruce needles poke upwards in all directions and keep you awake.)

A few years ago I wrote some poems about traveling to the moon. Here is one called “Christmas on the moon” that brings me back to the beloved Christmases of my childhood.

Christmas on the moon is a very quiet time.
There is no tinsel.
I brought an ornament along with me,
a blue plastic snowflake that was on our tree
when I was a child.
I had nothing to hang it on of course so I
propped it on top of a big rock.
I made a sort of base for it out of little rocks.
There it sat twinkling its blue plastic twinkle
in the light of the sun.
I used to watch it for hours.
It made me moody thinking about all the
Christmases in my childhood:
the time I was given a violin and my brother
was given a table hockey game;
white lacy blouses my Aunt Margaret sent
without fail, and quite often a necklace;
the smell of my mother’s baking, rye bread,
sweet bread, thin bread;
the Christmas Concert at church with the
young people’s play and the verses we had
to memorize, and always at the end
that wonderful brown paper bag filled with
homemade fudge (never enough),
a popcorn ball,
a rice crispy square in wax paper,
more hard candies than you could eat in one
day, and a large red apple.
I preferred the candy, but the apple was nice
when everything else was gone.
O Christmas Eve supper! Will they ever
think of freeze-drying such a feast!
Pickled herring, head cheese and vinegar,
potato sausage, olives, homemade root beer,
brown beans, sweet bread, fruit cake,
spritz cookies, mandarin oranges;
and a tree glowing in the corner of the next
Could you freeze-dry a Christmas tree?
Would you want to?
My little blue plastic snowflake sitting there
on its rock, sort of holding hands with me,
thinking of all those times together.

The Wreck of the Flora T

The Cove Journal
by JoDee Samuelson

Artwork by JoDee SamuelsonThe cold blustery winds of autumn can chill you right to the soul, and many a ship has gone down in a November squall.

On just such a morning as this, 102 years ago, November 1, 1913, the cook at McFadyen Brothers’ lobster cannery in the Cove was looking out to sea when he spied a ship in distress. To quote a newspaper of the day: “Hector Jerrold who lives at the cook-house on the shore and his wife and family are said to have seen the vessel go down. When the vessel disappeared Jerrold’s children commenced to cry.”

“Another man, James E. McKenzie, who was engaged in pulling turnips in a field is reported to have seen the ship disappear.”

Word was communicated to the Marine Office in Charlottetown and after several hours the rescue steamer D.G.S. Brant, with lifeboat and rescue crew in tow, set out for the Cove. Captain Walker “scoured the horizon in all directions” but there was no trace of a wreck. The lifeboat proved useless as it “turned turtle” and the lifeboat crew barely escaped with their lives.

“Several well-known nautical men are inclined to the belief that there was no wreck at all: there was a snow storm raging at the time and they say that it is possible that the schooner might just have been lost to view in the snow squall.”

However, “All doubts were set at rest when the D.G.S. Brant made her third trip out to the scene to look for traces of the disaster. The topmasts of a submerged vessel were sticking out of the water to the extent of eight or nine feet. The vessel is lying in eleven fathoms of water.”

“Yesterday an oar was picked up on the shore. It is painted red and is supposed to be an oar belonging to the boat.”

 On November 3, 1913, a schooner with Captain Charles Trenholm in command left Port Elgin with a cargo of lumber, arriving at Charlottetown Harbour in the course of the day. Captain Trenholm was surprised to find that his son’s schooner, the Flora T, was not in port, for he had been present when the Flora T left Pugwash laden with a cargo of bricks to be used in the construction of the new Cathedral (St. Dunstan’s burned in March 1913).

It gradually became apparent that the ship that had gone down in the Strait was the Flora T, owned by Captain Trenholm and commanded by his son, Bliss Trenholm. “The captain is almost prostrated with grief over the loss of his son,” states The Examiner on November 4, 1913.

“A telegram was sent to the Captain’s family at Port Elgin yesterday notifying them of the sad affair.” Young Philip Arsenault of Summerside also perished in the disaster.

Today as we walk along the shore I pick up a brick half-buried in the sand: is it a brick from the Flora T? I like to think so.

Quotations are taken from The Examiner and The Guardian, November 1, 3 and 4, 1913, newspapers on microfilm at the Provincial Archives.

The $100 Get-Away

The Cove Journal
by JoDee Samuelson

Artwork by JoDee SamuelsonDuring the recent heavy rains, the potato field above us became saturated, sending water rushing down the drills in a babbling brook that ran straight through our yard. At the same time, wasps by the dozen were getting into our living room and creating havoc. Time to get away!

Although we think of the Island as the most desirable spot on earth (when we’re not being flooded out, or dive-bombed by carnivorous insects), on the other side of the Strait there are some places that are just about as beautiful as PEI. And do the folks over there ever appreciate it when you visit and spend a few dollars at their gift shops and grocery stores. It doesn’t cost much either: $45.50 for the bridge and $56.00 for two nights at a campground. If you bring your own food and beverages you can have a $100 ($101.50) vacation that feels like you’re in a totally different place, which of course you are.

Have you ever stopped in Port Elgin? The hardware store has photos of Port Elgin in its glory days as a shipbuilding/woodworking/train and shipping centre. Next door is Cole’s Groceries with vintage cans of brown beans (we bought one, and the beans were delicious). Continuing through the village you come to the Baie Verte corner store, now lovingly converted into a Bistro. Then there is Winegarden Estate where, if you stop, you will buy more wine and apple schnapps than you had counted on. At Tidnish Corner a sweet little restaurant with fresh blueberry pie beckons you in. Turning left around the bay is Bev’s Wood-fired Bakery featuring hot-out-of-the-oven oatmeal-molasses bread. Then you come to the site of the Chignecto Ship Railway (which we should all know about). There is a new discovery at every turn!

After two days of highly excellent camping at Amherst Shore Provincial Park (Nova Scotia), we drive back along the Upper Cape road. I’m not going to say too much about this highway because it must be one of New Brunswick’s best-kept secrets. (Woops, I’ve said too much!)  Along the way is a decommissioned United Church, the perfect spot for a picnic, and a stroll around the old cemetery thinking deep cemetery thoughts—you know the kind.

As I study the old stones I think about traveling, and how it should make us more educated, tolerant and appreciative.  I think it does. I hope so, for I’d like to justify the luxury of being able to get up and go wherever I want. And I ask myself how is it possible that I am flitting around eating blueberry pie when millions of refugees on the other side of the ocean are frantically trying to find a home? There is no answer.

Meanwhile, back in the Cove the wasps are settling down, and perhaps the farmer will build a berm to divert the run-off from his field. Our problems are small, and we like them that way.

This hot summer day

The Cove Journal
by JoDee Samuelson

Artwork by JoDee SamuelsonThe tide has been out all afternoon, but now as the water approaches and sand bars begin to shrink, mothers reluctantly prepare to leave their little settlements out in the Cove. As they ease their way out of comfortable beach chairs and assess their belongings, they call out to children and puppies to announce that departure is imminent. When this gets no attention, they resort to more drastic means: “We’ll stop for ice cream on the way home.” Ears perk up and heads turn towards this interesting voice. Still, it is a long challenging battle to herd a salty sun-drenched brood into a small marching unit.

Eventually everything is gathered under one roof, as it were, and mothers head to shore with arms and strollers laden down with blankets, buckets and balls, folding chairs and umbrellas, wet towels, sunscreen lotion, empty water bottles, crumpled chip bags, and damp dog-eared copies of Woman’s Day and Martha Stewart Living (filled with recipes to try in the future: chicken casserole with bread crumbs on top, or burgers with toppings of goat cheese and chopped cilantro—imagine! they look so good in the magazine). Like Pied Pipers, the mothers are followed from beach to parking lot by straggling trails of hot sticky children with seaweed in their hair and sand between every toe.

For those of us who no longer have young children at home, this scene is full of amusement and nostalgia. Fortunately we can still take part in these summer rituals, for summer visitors pull us down to the shore, force us to lie on wet towels on a sand bar and feed us chips (poutine-flavored chips which, we agreed, really did taste like gravy—if that’s a good thing). Their children bring us hermit crabs and dead jellyfish, and we all return home smelling like slightly ponky shellfish.

Yesterday one group of summer visitors arrived and another left. In the brief overlap we lunched on yellow beans, red potatoes, salad greens and fresh peas, all from our garden, the height of pleasure in this ripening month of August. Then there were the fond good-byes and honks and arms waving out the window as the car of our loved ones started off on the long drive away from the Island.

Today the whirligigs are twirling in our backyard and clouds scuttle across the sky. We settle in with new guests (not guests but family members who live away) and debate our options. We could go to town and join the throngs waiting at the grocery store checkout; or we could go to the North Shore and take a long walk along some lovely white beach; or we could stay home and hang out. There will be more green beans to pick, and the blueberries are ripe at the U-Pick down the road. Whatever happens I will clasp this hot summer day to my breast, for it will never return again.

The livin’ is easy

The Cove Journal
by JoDee Samuelson

Artwork by JoDee SamuelsonThe hay is almost in around the country, so it’s safe to hope for rain. Our water barrel is empty and the garden vegetables are gazing wistfully up at the sky.  Dry or not, the Island has never looked better.  Calves and foals gambol in lush green pastures, delighted children scream and splash in the Cove, rows of potatoes march in perfect formation from roadside to horizon, and even the cotton is high.

Cotton? Yes, cotton. Along the shore road just before the turn-off to the church, there is a small tract of land that no one visits or even notices. “Lucy’s Bog” is a quiet retreat for reclusive insects, and special plants like rhodora, cranberries and sphagnum moss that like to live with their feet in water. Right now the bog is alive with bog cotton, eriophorum angustifolium, in full bloom. The flowers of bog cotton look like tufts of fibreglas insulation caught on twigs, so you might not notice that these tufts are actually flowers. This unsung perennial is a member of the sedge family, which has its own jingle: “Sedges have edges, rushes are round, and grasses have nodes where leaves are found.”

Bog cotton has been used to make paper and candlewicks, and to dress wounds. The leaves, stems, roots and seeds are edible at various stages, and have traditionally featured in the cuisine and medical lore of peoples all across the Northern Hemisphere. Does anyone on the Island know how to cure diarrhea or make paper with bog cotton? I sure don’t.

There’s another source of cotton in the Cove. Around the corner at the alpaca farm, several cottonwood trees have let go their fluff and the farmyard looks like it’s been hit by a snow squall. When we were getting our eggs this morning, as we do every Friday morning, someone mentioned that cottonwood fluff is a trendy filling for duvets.  We accordingly gathered up a bag of the stuff (which contains the seeds of the poplar) and amazingly, when you put your hand into the bag of cotton it does feel warm. But a few trees don’t give that much fluff (plus there were suspicious farmyard particles clinging to it) so we took our eggs and headed home.

As we were going along, I bent down and picked an interesting tiny wildflower growing out of the roadside. Looked it up in the Peterson Guide: yellow rattle. Yellow rattle is an important part of certain ecosystems, but so modest and retiring it’s almost invisible.

Seems like I’m just starting to see things. Take jellyfish, for example. At Peake’s Quay the other day we peered over the wharf in amazement: hundreds of transparent moon jellies were flipping over and over, putting on their own little jellyfish show. I didn’t know they did that.

Summertime, we love you. The livin’ is easy, the fish are jumpin’ and the cotton is high. It’s all good.

Gifts of the sea

The Cove Journal
by JoDee Samuelson

Artwork by JoDee SamuelsonAll night long the wind blew out of the southeast and the surf beat against the capes with a steady thundering roar. In the morning, long swells began to deposit seaweed and shells ripped from the sea floor, and soon the beach was piled thickly with a mélange of fresh sweet seaweeds: kelp, sea lettuce, Irish moss, twig weed, leaf weed, knotted wrack. In the olden days farmers would rush down to the shore at low tide to fill up carts and wagons with free organic fertilizer; but today these gifts of the sea are largely ignored.

Seaweeds and their ancestors have been filtering toxins, producing oxygen, and providing food and shelter for sea creatures since the beginning of life on earth. Some storms wash in mostly eel grass, or Irish moss or kelp, for each seaweed has its own position in the water world and is vulnerable to different forces.  Occasionally we find laver (porphyra), a soft broad-leafed reddish-brown seaweed of single-celled thickness. Rachel Carson writes: “[Porphyra] resembles nothing so much as little pieces of brown transparent plastic cut out of someone’s raincoat.” Washed, shredded, molded and toasted, it becomes nori, the flavorful wrapping around sushi. Japan produces about 7 billion sheets of nori annually: that’s a lot of sushi! Most seaweeds are perfectly edible and can be nibbled for a salty snack, or chopped and boiled in water for nourishing (but tasteless) soup.

Identifying seaweeds can be a challenge. Even the Peterson Guide has a section titled “Confusing Brown Seaweeds.”  Irish moss is easy to pick out of the seaweed beach salad because it turns translucent glossy white and feels like it might dissolve in your hands. People up West (Summerside and beyond) make custard and pie out of it. Here’s a recipe:

Rinse a handful of Irish moss thoroughly in fresh water to remove all sand and debris. Heat 1 litre milk in the top of a double boiler and add the clean moss. Cook 30 minutes (above the boiling water) stirring frequently. Strain mixture through a sieve, add honey or sugar and a little vanilla, then pour into a dampened mold. Chill, turn out of mold—and this is important—serve with something flavorful like rhubarb or strawberry sauce, or a splash of rum, otherwise this blancmange might seem (as it does to me) a bit too bland, slippery, and, well, seaweed-y. But give it a try.

Incidentally, if you happen to be walking barefoot through a pile of fresh seaweed in the Cove this summer (being mindful of sharp shells buried underneath), you’ll notice that your feet get a massage from tiny jumping crustaceans called beach hoppers. Don’t worry, they’re perfectly harmless. Heck, they and their kind have been hopping on beaches for millions of years and they aren’t interested in humans at all. They love seaweed, and a big blow with a high sea is just the thing to make their day.

Following the plow

The Cove Journal
by JoDee Samuelson

Artwork by JoDee SamuelsonThe Island spring is like a reluctant suitor moving much too cautiously in the pursuit of love, warmth and happiness. All the same, there is no turning back. Warmth and happiness—and hopefully love—are just around the corner.

The soil is finally dry enough for the farmer to be out on his land. And following the plow is the inevitable flock of seagulls with feathers glowing pure white against the deep-red overturned sods. Most of the gulls in the Cove are herring gulls or ring-billed gulls that live and travel together in large groups or colonies. At this time of year they may be nesting on St. Peters Island or some isolated beach, for their nests are on the ground and they must be built far away from the prying eyes and feet of humans.

During the nesting period, the parents forage on land for seeds and earthworms: hence the following of the plow. Later on when their chicks are grown, seagulls spend more time at sea, cruising above the Strait at 35 kph, or bobbing cheerfully on the water with webbed feet propelling them forward. They have special glands that flush salt from their systems, allowing them to drink salt water and stay away from land for long periods of time. Now they dine mostly on crabs, mollusks and small fish—whatever will fit through their knacky unhinging jaws.

Because they will eat almost anything (including other dead birds), gulls (and crows) help keep our beaches pristine. They are sort of the Women’s Institute of the shoreline. When a gull is full of clams and minnows and tasty bugs, it stands on one leg dreamily staring into space. This stance is not an effort to look nonchalant, but the gull is merely warming up its leg by pulling it up next to its nice hot body.

Seagulls on a sandbar all seem to stand facing the same direction: into the wind. No one is organizing this. They like to face into the wind to provide a quick take-off, for as all air pilots know, it takes less space and time to get airborne if you are already facing into the wind.

Now here’s something! Humans have three types of cones in our eyes that allow us to see the three primary colors. Gulls have four cones. This fourth cone allows them to see infrared color, which means that gulls can see heat. Imagine. I think this is something that could be the basis of a very compelling Super Gull comic series.  (Feel free to use this idea.)

Gulls are monogamous, which means that they apparently stay in love their whole lives. A herring gull can live for 49 years. That’s a lot of love. I think it’s safe to say that seagulls are not reluctant suitors, and our Island spring could learn a lot from them.

Events Calendar

September 2018
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Some Upcoming Events

Jim Cuddy Trio

September 30
Harbourfront Theatre The Jim Cuddy Trio comes to Harbourfront Theatre in Summerside on  [ ... ]


October 26–November 1
City Cinema 14A, coarse language, violence, disturbing content
Dir: Spik [ ... ]

Dancing with the Stars

Hospice PEI’s event celebrates 7th year October 20
Murphy Community Centre October 20, 2018  [ ... ]

Recent News & Articles

Drawing the line

Profile: Sandy Carruthers by Jane Ledwell Retired for a year now after twenty-five years teaching  [ ... ]

Filmworks Summerside

Film series is back for 7th season Filmworks Summerside opens for their 7th season on September 12  [ ... ]

An Island wish

On August 23, 4 year old Cooper Coughlin will arrive on Prince Edward Island soil for a once in a li [ ... ]